Lavizzo-Mourey , Risa and J. Michael McGinnis (2003) Making the case for active living communities. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), September p.1386
“At first glance, a dearth of sidewalks may not seem like a significant public health concern. However, the disappearance of sidewalks is one of many environmental barriers to active living that transform the health of American communities in powerful ways. Evidence shows that physical activity brings substantial health benefits to people of all ages. However, much more needs to be done to create opportunities and enhance existing community structures to support physical activity.
Environments that promote active living help us all – from children who need safe routes for walking and biking to school, to busy adults who might leave cars at home if they had pathways linking them to local destinations, to older adults who can maintain functional independence longer through routines walking. In each scenario, the critical role of something as basic as sidewalks becomes clear.” (p.1386)